A study on the phytochemical contents and aphrodisiac potentials of methanol root pulp extract of Musa paradisiaca
Keywords:Aphrodisiac, Erectile Dysfunction, Musa paradisiac
Background: In Nigeria primary objective of marriage is procreation. This has failed in most homes due to
Erectile Dysfunction (ED). Erectile dysfunction is the inability of man to get and maintain an erection firm enough
for sexual intercourse. In Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria the root pulp of Musa paradisiaca is claimed to posses
aphrodisiac properties. The purpose of this research is to validate and confirm this claim scientifically.
Methods: In this study Musa paradisiaca Root pulp were extracted using Methanol. The extract was used to carry
out Toxicity study, phytochemical screening, open column chromatography and Thin-layer chromatography. The
methanol crude extract was partitioned to obtain the n-hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and the
aqueous fractions were also used for Aphrodisiac Activity study by the sexual indexes’ method.
Results: The result revealed that the crude extract contained alkaloids, tannins, saponins, steroidal glycosides,
deoxy sugar, polyphenol. The extract and the fractions caused significant increase in Mount Frequency (MF) and
a significant decrease in Mount Latency (ML). These are indicators of increase in sexual activity.
Conclusion: The aphrodisiac activities exhibited by the extract are attributed to the chemical constituents of the
methanol root pulp extract. This is because the extract increased potency, increased mount frequency and
enhanced libido in the experimental animals.
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